There are mainly three ways that a child can be placed for
adoption: 1) through an adoption agency (public/State operated
agency or a privately owned agency), 2) independently, by using an
attorney or an adoption facilitator, and 3) direct placement (only
some states allow this).
There are also three kinds of adoption: 1) confidential (closed)
adoption, 2) adoption with some degree of openness, and 3) open
Closed adoption means that the birth parents and the adoptive
parents never know each other. Adoptive parents are given background
information about you and the birth father that they would need to
help them take care of the child, such as medical information. In
closed adoption, there is no ongoing contact between the birthparent
and the adoptive family.
"Openness" refers to some degree of contact, whether it be a one
time meeting between the birthparent and adoptive parent or yearly
pictures and letters exchanged. In this kind of adoption, you may be
able to choose the adoptive parents for your baby.
Open adoption, on the other hand, is one in which the "adopted
child has the potential of developing a one-on-one relationship with
his or her birthfamily" throughout their life. Many adoption
professionals believe that this is true open adoption.
Talk to your counselor about the type of adoption that is best
for you. Do you want to help decide who adopts your child? Would you
mind if a single person adopted your child, or a couple of a
different race than you? Would you like to be able to share medical
information with your child's family that may only become known in
the future? If you have strong feelings about these things, work
with an agency or attorney who you feel will listen to what you
Source: National Adoption